The Academy of Medicine reassures about the safety of electronic cigarettes
The Academy of Medicine says the lung disease epidemic in the United States should not undermine this smoking cessation aid.
48 dead, 2291 hospitalizations. The epidemic of serious lung disease that has affected vapers in the United States for several months has sown a wave of panic. On Thursday, the French Academy of Medicine issued a statement to remedy this "crisis of confidence". The Sages insist on "the proven advantages" and recall the "unduly alleged disadvantages of the electronic cigarette".
Since June 2019, strange cases of lung damage have been increasing in the United States among young vapers, particularly in Texas, California and Illinois. The American health authorities quickly focused their suspicions on the electronic cigarette ... before backing down.
They are now inclined to misuse the object. Analyzes show that most patients used liquids containing THC (the main psychoactive molecule in cannabis) and vitamin E oil, bought on the black market, probably adulterated. One brand, Dank Vapes, is frequently cited.
We must "not confuse the harmful container with the toxicity of the contents," recalls the Academy of Medicine. "This crisis of confidence could cause the death of thousands of smokers while tobacco kills half of its loyal consumers," she worries. According to a BVA poll conducted for the pro-vaping association Sovape in September, three in five French people now believe that vaping is at least as dangerous as smoking, contrary to the scientific consensus. “We must not make the wrong enemy!” The statement read.
"This crisis of confidence could cause the death of thousands of smokers while tobacco kills half of its loyal consumers."
-National Academy of Medicine
Smokers who plan to switch to electronic cigarettes, "should not hesitate," however, recommends the institution, stressing that it is "established that the vaporette is less dangerous than the cigarette". In addition, this product is better controlled in France than in the United States: "electronic cigarettes fall under quality and safety standards, unlike the United States" which suffers from "insufficient" regulation.
According to the academy, the effectiveness of vaping in quitting smoking is well established. The Haute Autorité de Santé affirmed this in 2016, even indicating that the electronic cigarette could in some cases work better than other nicotine substitutes. And in June 2019, a study by Public Health France showed that at least 700,000 smokers quit thanks to vaping.
“Vaping involves inhaling vapors created by heating a liquid inside the electronic cigarette to a high temperature. Liquids usually contain nicotine. However, they do not include many dangerous substances found in tobacco, such as tar (carcinogen) or carbon monoxide (a factor in cardiovascular disease). But the vapor contains fine particles which enter the lungs. There are "many potentially toxic substances", concluded a report from the American Academies of Sciences published in 2018.
Of course, filling your lungs dozens or even hundreds of times a day with sprayed chemicals is certainly not harmless to your health. No one asserts the contrary and that is why the electronic cigarette can in no way be recommended to a person who does not smoke. On the other hand, for ex-smokers: the risks of vaping are incomparable to those of smoking.
By Le Figaro, Cécile Thibert. https://www.sante.lefigaro.fr/